Zakaria PaliashviliZakaria Paliashvili
Georgian composer, conductor, teacher and public figureGeorgian composer, conductor, teacher and public figure
1871 - 1933 1871 - 1933
The future composer was born into the family of Petre Paliashvili, a sexton of the Georgian Catholic Church, in Kutaisi, in 1871. Though the Paliashvilis had no musical instrument, some of Zakaria’s siblings displayed an inborn talent for music. At 8, Zakaria was admitted as a chorister to the Catholic Church choir. Soon he was attracted to organ music and learned to play the instrument. After moving to Tbilisi, he and his brother, Ivane, joined the Georgian Ethnographic choir created under the auspices of Lado Agniashvili. From then on, Zakaria Paliashvili’s works began to be impacted by the Georgian traditional polyphonic singing, which became a main source of the composer’s inspiration.
Zakaria’s operas – the greatest treasure of the national culture
In 1900 Zakaria became a student of the outstanding composer and professor, Sergei Taneyev at the Moscow Conservatory. Thanks to Taneyev, the future composer gained valuable insights into the west European musical culture and mastered the techniques of classical polyphony. While in Moscow he formed a choir of Georgian students and gave a number of Georgian folk music concerts.