Noe ZhordaniaNoe Zhordania
Chairman of the Government of theChairman of the Government of the
First Democratic Republic of GeorgiaFirst Democratic Republic of Georgia
Noe Zhordania was born on January 14, 1868 in Lanchkhuti, a town incorporated at that time into the Russia Empire. After graduating from school in Lanchkhuti in 1884, he enrolled in seminary in Tbilisi. Since childhood, Noe dreamed of traveling to Europe, and even though he was not much into veterinary medicine, he enrolled in the Warsaw Veterinary School in 1891, because it was his only chance to make it to Europe. In Warsaw, he familiarized himself with Marxist ideas and, in his own words, experienced a personal political transformation in 1892 when, equipped with European Socialist ideas, found himself in Egnate Ninoshvili’s home in Kvirila and became a member of a small initiative group targeting the working class as the pillar of revolution. Because of a difference of opinion at the meeting, Zhordania was put in charge of developing an action plan. It was then that he engaged in Georgian politics, and this is how a new Marxist branch known as Mesame Dasi (The Third Group) was established.